The Global Ranger Competences document 23 universal competences needed by all rangers, an additional 7 competences for commonly required specialist roles, and a further 8 competences required by rangers in positions of leadership. They are designed to be generally applicable to those working as rangers (or in equivalent roles) around the world, and to any entity responsible for rangers in protected and conserved areas of all types. The competences were identified through a global consultation process, with the contribution of 536 people from 88 countries, mainly rangers, but also employers and representatives of ranger associations, as well as social, community and human rights experts